This is an extension for the SQLite Embeddable SQL Database Engine.
SQLite is a C library that implements an embeddable SQL database engine.
Programs that link with the SQLite library can have SQL database access
without running a separate RDBMS process.
SQLite is not a client library used to connect to a big database server.
SQLite is the server. The SQLite library reads and writes directly to and from
the database files on disk.
Read the INSTALL file, which comes with the package. Or just use the PEAR
installer with "pear install sqlite".
SQLite itself is already included, You do not need to install
any additional software.
Windows users may download the DLL version of the SQLite extension here:
In PHP 5, the SQLite extension and the engine itself are bundled and
compiled by default.
In order to have these functions available, you must compile PHP with
SQLite support, or load the SQLite extension dynamically from your
There are two resources used in the SQLite Interface. The first one is the
database connection, the second one the result set.
The functions sqlite_fetch_array() and
sqlite_current() use a constant for
the different types of result arrays. The following constants are
Table 1. SQLite fetch constants
Columns are returned into the array having the fieldname as the array
Columns are returned into the array having both a numerical index
and the fieldname as the array index.
Columns are returned into the array having a numerical index to the
fields. This index starts with 0, the first field in the result.
The behaviour of these functions is affected by settings in php.ini.
Table 2. SQLite Configuration Options
For further details and definition of the PHP_INI_* constants see
Here's a short explanation of
the configuration directives.
Whether to use mixed case (0), upper case
(1) or lower case (2) hash
This option is primarily useful when you need compatibility with other
database systems, where the names of the columns are always returned as
uppercase or lowercase, regardless of the case of the actual field names
in the database schema.
The SQLite library returns the column names in their natural case (that
matches the case you used in your schema). When
sqlite.assoc_case is set to 0
the natural case will be preserved. When it is set to
1 or 2, PHP will apply case
folding on the hash keys to upper- or lower-case the keys, respectively.
Use of this option incurs a slight performance penalty, but is MUCH
faster than performing the case folding yourself using PHP script.